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RFC 5701
IPv6 Address Specific BGP Extended Community Attribute.
Y. Rekhter. November 2009.

 
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Network Working Group Y. Rekhter Request for Comments: 5701 Juniper Networks Category: Standards Track November 2009 IPv6 Address Specific BGP Extended Community Attribute Abstract Current specifications of BGP Extended Communities (RFC 4360) support the IPv4 Address Specific Extended Community, but do not support an IPv6 Address Specific Extended Community. The lack of an IPv6 Address Specific Extended Community may be a problem when an application uses the IPv4 Address Specific Extended Community, and one wants to use this application in a pure IPv6 environment. This document defines a new BGP attribute, the IPv6 Address Specific Extended Community, that addresses this problem. The IPv6 Address Specific Extended Community is similar to the IPv4 Address Specific Extended Community, except that it carries an IPv6 address rather than an IPv4 address. Status of This Memo This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for improvements. Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state and status of this protocol. Distribution of this memo is unlimited. Copyright Notice Copyright (c) 2009 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the document authors. All rights reserved. This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions Relating to IETF Documents (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of publication of this document. Please review these documents carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect to this document. Code Components extracted from this document must include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as described in the BSD License. This document may contain material from IETF Documents or IETF Contributions published or made publicly available before November 10, 2008. The person(s) controlling the copyright in some of this material may not have granted the IETF Trust the right to allow Rekhter Standards Track [Page 1]
RFC 5701 IPv6 Specific Extended Community Attribute November 2009 modifications of such material outside the IETF Standards Process. Without obtaining an adequate license from the person(s) controlling the copyright in such materials, this document may not be modified outside the IETF Standards Process, and derivative works of it may not be created outside the IETF Standards Process, except to format it for publication as an RFC or to translate it into languages other than English. 1. Introduction Current specifications of BGP Extended Communities [RFC4360] support the IPv4 Address Specific Extended Community, but do not support an IPv6 Address Specific Extended Community. The lack of an IPv6 Address Specific Extended Community may be a problem when an application uses IPv4 Address Specific Extended Community and one wants to use this application in a pure IPv6 environment. Because the BGP Extended Community attribute defines each BGP Extended Community as being 8 octets long, it is not possible to define the IPv6 Specific Extended Community using the existing BGP Extended Community attribute [RFC4360]. Therefore, this document defines a new BGP attribute, the IPv6 Address Specific Extended Community, that has a structure similar to the IPv4 Address Specific Extended Community, and thus could be used in a pure IPv6 environment as a replacement of the IPv4 Address Specific Extended Community. 2. IPv6 Address Specific BGP Extended Community Attribute The IPv6 Address Specific Extended Community Attribute is a transitive, optional BGP attribute [BGP-4]. The attribute consists of a set of "IPv6 Address Specific extended communities". All routes with the IPv6 Address Specific Extended Community attribute belong to the communities listed in the attribute. Just like all other BGP Extended Communities, the IPv6 Address Specific Extended Community supports multiple sub-types. Each IPv6 Address Specific extended community is encoded as a 20-octet quantity, as follows: Rekhter Standards Track [Page 2]
RFC 5701 IPv6 Specific Extended Community Attribute November 2009 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x00 or 0x40 | Sub-Type | Global Administrator | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Global Administrator (cont.) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Global Administrator (cont.) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Global Administrator (cont.) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Global Administrator (cont.) | Local Administrator | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The first high-order octet indicates whether a particular sub-type of this community is transitive across Autonomous Systems (ASes) (0x00), or not (0x40). The second high-order octet of this extended type is used to indicate sub-types. The sub-types are the same as for the IPv4 Address Specific Extended Community. Global Administrator field: 16 octets This field contains an IPv6 unicast address assigned by one of the Internet registries. Local Administrator field: 2 octets The organization that has been assigned the IPv6 address in the Global Administrator field can encode any information in this field. The format and meaning of the value encoded in this field should be defined by the sub-type of the community. 3. IANA Considerations This document defines a new BGP attribute, called the IPv6 Address Specific Extended Community (value 25). This document defines a class of extended communities, called the IPv6 Address Specific Extended Community, for which the IANA has created and will maintain a registry entitled "IPv6 Address Specific Extended Community". Future assignments are to be made using the "First Come First Served" policy defined in [RFC5226]. The Type values for the transitive communities of the IPv6 Address Specific Extended Community class are 0x0000-0x00ff; for the non-transitive communities of that class, they are 0x4000-0x40ff. Assignments consist of a name and the value. Rekhter Standards Track [Page 3]
RFC 5701 IPv6 Specific Extended Community Attribute November 2009 This document makes the following assignments for the IPv6 Address Specific extended community types: Name Type Value ---- -------------- IPv6 address specific Route Target 0x0002 IPv6 address specific Route Origin 0x0003 4. Security Considerations This document does not add new security issues. All the security considerations for BGP Extended Communities apply here. At the time that this document was written, there were significant efforts underway to improve the security properties of BGP. For examples of documents that have been produced up to this time of publication, see [RFC4593] and [SIDR]. There is a potential serious issue if a malformed, optional, transitive attribute is received. This issue and the steps to avoid it are discussed in [OPT_TRANS]. 5. Acknowledgements Many thanks to Michael Lundberg and Emre Ertekin for their review and comments. 6. References 6.1. Normative References [BGP-4] Rekhter, Y., Ed., Li, T., Ed., and S. Hares, Ed., "A Border Gateway Protocol 4 (BGP-4)", RFC 4271, January 2006. [RFC5226] Narten, T. and H. Alvestrand, "Guidelines for Writing an IANA Considerations Section in RFCs", BCP 26, RFC 5226, May 2008. [RFC4360] Sangli, S., Tappan, D., and Y. Rekhter, "BGP Extended Communities Attribute", RFC 4360, February 2006. 6.2. Informative References [OPT_TRANS] Scudder, J. and E. Chen, "Error Handling for Optional Transitive BGP Attributes", Work in Progress, April 2009. Rekhter Standards Track [Page 4]
RFC 5701 IPv6 Specific Extended Community Attribute November 2009 [RFC4593] Barbir, A., Murphy, S., and Y. Yang, "Generic Threats to Routing Protocols", RFC 4593, October 2006. [SIDR] Lepinski, M. and S. Kent, "An Infrastructure to Support Secure Internet Routing", Work in Progress, July 2009. Author's Address Yakov Rekhter Juniper Networks, Inc. EMail: yakov@juniper.net Rekhter Standards Track [Page 5]

   

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